May 3-5, 2019

Biographers, memoirists, journalists, clinicians – they all write about real people. And they have different ways of doing this, both by the various codes of their professions and by their individual approaches to shaping, filtering, disguising, dramatizing, protecting, revealing. We imagine that they all want to provide honest accountings, although the purposes that organize their work reflect different demands on how to make their constructions.

While biographers usually want to provide a full account of a life, they must inevitably come to writing a particular biography with an interest of their own in mind, and their account will reflect that. A biography will be an attempt to make sense of a life, to find narrative threads that pull together the subject’s experiences along various integrative lines. The writer will have choices to make about the paths to be followed, the ways to assess evidence, the weight to be given to the subject’s own accounts and the reports of others. The idea that there could be an authoritative biography of anyone that would trump other appraisals speaks only to a romantic longing for the final word.

Memoirists might be thought of as biographers of a particular sort. While we imagine that all biographers want to be faithful to their subjects and to the people in their lives, memoirists have both a privileged access and special responsibilities. Usually many of the people in their accounts will still be living, and they will be in continuing engagements with them, and what they write will impact those relationships, for better and for worse. Given the pressures of their work, perhaps memoirists, more than other writers, should be entitled to expect a bit more kindness, or at least tolerance, from their readers. Memoir writers not drowning in their own narcissism will know that they are writing about their own experience, their subjective realities, and that their tellings are not veridically accountable.

Of course there are various kinds of journalists, running the gamut from those reporting the news, to others studying a subject, to yet others writing thought pieces. Some journalism claims to be just telling the facts, but there’s also advocacy journalism, which has arguments to make. We imagine that newspaper journalists try to balance the need to sell papers against their responsibility to the people they’re writing about, the impact that their writing will have on them, and that various journalists will deal with this in various ways. Biographers are ordinarily writing about people no longer alive, and by the time one comes to write a memoir a significant number of the principal figures will have died, but the journalists’ subjects are mostly alive and kicking, and their writing about them will be consequential, which creates a certain tension.

Clinicians encounter a different set of problems when they decide to use case material in a paper, blog, or book they are writing. The helping professions have labored long and hard about the proprieties of using case material in their essays. While it is ordinarily doable to disguise clients enough that people in their lives won’t discover them, patients will usually be able to recognize themselves. And this can be disturbing, even traumatizing, even though every idea expressed in the piece may have been spoken by the therapist in a session. Writing clinicians deal with this in their own ways, some choosing to never include case material in their pieces. Our professions have not been able to standardize a practice in this regard, and we will be discussing the pushes and pulls.

How to write about real people will be up for discussion.

Coordinators: KERRY MALAWISTA, Ph.D. and BOB WINER, M.D.